Main basic figures
- Population 6,388.000
- Extension 89,342 sq. km
- Currency Jordanian Dinner
- GDP $31.35 billion (2012 est.)
- Oficial tourism web site: http://www.tourism.jo/en/
Importance of Touristic Industry in the economic development for the country
Tourism has become an essential player in Jordan economy, and recently showed remarkable growth in terms of revenues, rising by 9 in the first quarter of 2010. The tourism sector in Jordan acts as the driver of sustainable economic development and is considered the second fastest growing sector in the kingdom being the largest export sector and a major employer. Tourism accounts for a large part of Jordan’s economy. Jordanian hospitality is well noted by its rash of western tourists. In 2008, there were over 6 million arrivals, 3 million of them tourists, with tourist receipts amounting to about 3 billion dollars. Its major tourist activities include visiting ancient sites (like the worldwide famous Petra) and unspoilt natural locations, as well as observing cultural and religious sites and traditions.
In 2010, over 8 million tourists from various countries visited Jordan, with tourist receipts amounting to about 3.5 billion dollars. An additional $1 billion was earned through medical tourism to the kingdom. In 2011, Jordanian tourism lost $1 Billion due to the political instability across the region. In 2012
1222 million (JOD) of income resulted from tourist activities, about 6.50% GDP. Tourism accounts for more than 42,000 direct jobs and an estimated 130,000 indirect jobs impacting the lives of more than 800,000 people. Current plans aim at raising direct tourism jobs to 51,000, in addition to creating 300,000 direct and indirect job opportunities in supporting sectors.
Main characteristics of tourism industry
Tourism is predicted to remain the fastest growing sector globally for the next two decades. In Jordan the tourism industry is realizing 10%- 12% sustained annual growth owing to several factors: Jordan’s location and rich cultural heritage assets, holy sites, stability and security, pleasurable climate and majestic nature, bustling business center, natural wonders, family and leisure tailored facilities. Not to mention the well maintained infrastructure, including well trained multi-lingual staff employed with guide companies, restaurants, international hotels, transportation, tourist transport, and car rental services. More so, tourist centric regulations are available. Jordan has a wealth of archaeological and natural sites that are landmarks of human heritage dating back to the prehistoric Paleolithic and Neolithic periods with surviving archaeological evidence of human settlement from the Middle and Late Bronze Ages such as the Shashu built citadel of Amman. A wide range of leisure and wellness opportunities are available for visitors to Jordan. Most of the leading hotels have swimming pools, tennis courts and excellent, fully-equipped and professionally managed spas and fitness centers, and the other activities. Leisure tourism include a list of sites in Jordan: Nature’s Healing Power, The Dead Sea, Hammamat Ma’in / Ma’in Hot Springs, In and Around Amman, Aqaba, Wadi Rum
Main Tourism Attractions
Its major tourist attractions include visiting historical sites, like the worldwide famous Petra (UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985, and one of New Seven Wonders of the World), the Jordan River, Mount Nebo, Madaba, numerous medieval mosques and churches, and unspoiled natural locations (as Wadi Rum and Jordan’s northern mountainous region in general), as well as observing cultural and religious sites and traditions.
Jordan also offers a healthy tourism environment, which is focused in the Dead Sea area, education tourism, hiking, scuba diving in Aqaba’s coral reefs, pop-culture tourism and shopping tourism in Jordan’s cities. More than half of the approximate 4.8 Arab tourists in 2009, mainly from the GCC, said they plan to spend their holidays in Jordan.